NAME: S Phase

ID ApprovedSymbol EntrezGene HGNC UniGeneID Affymetrics HugoName UniGeneName GeneOntologyID ENSG ENSP KEGGID ApprovedSymbol2 PreviousSymbols NCIName Evidence Chromosome Status Reactome_ID Aliases StringSymbol StringName
8900 CCNA1 8900 HGNC:1577 Hs.417050 205899_at
cyclin A1 Cyclin A1 ENSG00000133101 ENSP00000255465 hsa+8900 CCNA1 CCNA1 13q12.3-q13 Approved CCNA1 cyclin A1; May be involved in the control of the cell cycle at the G1/S (start) and G2/M (mitosis) transitions. May primarily function in the control of the germline meiotic cell cycle and additionally in the control of mitotic cell cycle in some somatic cells
890 CCNA2 890 HGNC:1578 Hs.58974 203418_at
213226_at
cyclin A2 Cyclin A2 ENSG00000145386 ENSP00000274026 hsa+890 CCNA2 CCNA, CCN1 CCNA2 4q25-q31 Approved REACT_152 REACT_383 REACT_6850 CCNA2 cyclin A2; Essential for the control of the cell cycle at the G1/S (start) and the G2/M (mitosis) transitions
595 CCND1 595 HGNC:1582 Hs.523852 208711_s_at
208712_at
cyclin D1 Cyclin D1 ENSG00000110092 ENSP00000227507 hsa+595 CCND1 BCL1, D11S287E, PRAD1 CCND1 11q13 Approved REACT_152 U21B31 BCL1 cyclin D1; Essential for the control of the cell cycle at the G1/S (start) transition
898 CCNE1 898 HGNC:1589 Hs.244723 213523_at
242105_at
cyclin E1 Cyclin E1 ENSG00000105173 ENSP00000262643 hsa+898 CCNE1 CCNE CCNE1 19q12 Approved CCNE cyclin E1; Essential for the control of the cell cycle at the G1/S (start) transition
9134 CCNE2 9134 HGNC:1590 Hs.567387 205034_at
211814_s_at
cyclin E2 Cyclin E2 ENSG00000175305 ENSP00000309181 hsa+9134 CCNE2 CCNE2 8q22.1 Approved CYCE2 CCNE2 cyclin E2; Essential for the control of the cell cycle at the late G1 and early S phase
902 CCNH 902 HGNC:1594 Hs.292524 204093_at
cyclin H Cyclin H GO:0000718 ENSG00000134480 ENSP00000256897 hsa+902 CCNH CCNH EXP 5q13.3-q14 Approved CAK, p34, p37 CCNH cyclin H; Regulates CDK7, the catalytic subunit of the CDK- activating kinase (CAK) enzymatic complex. CAK activates the cyclin-associated kinases CDC2/CDK1, CDK2, CDK4 and CDK6 by threonine phosphorylation. CAK complexed to the core-TFIIH basal transcription factor activates RNA polymerase II by serine phosphorylation of the repetitive C-terminus domain (CTD) of its large subunit (POLR2A), allowing its escape from the promoter and elongation of the transcripts. Involved in cell cycle control and in RNA transcription by RNA polymerase II. Its expression and activity are constant throug [...]
993 CDC25A 993 HGNC:1725 Hs.437705 1555772_a_at
204695_at
204696_s_at
cell division cycle 25 homolog A (S. pombe) Cell division cycle 25 homolog A (S. pombe) ENSG00000164045 ENSP00000303706 hsa+993 CDC25A CDC25A 3p21 Approved CDC25A cell division cycle 25 homolog A (S. pombe); Tyrosine protein phosphatase which functions as a dosage-dependent inducer of mitotic progression. Directly dephosphorylates CDC2 and stimulates its kinase activity. Also dephosphorylates CDK2 in complex with cyclin E, in vitro
994 CDC25B 994 HGNC:1726 Hs.153752 201853_s_at
cell division cycle 25 homolog B (S. pombe) Cell division cycle 25 homolog B (S. pombe) ENSG00000101224 ENSP00000245960 hsa+994 CDC25B CDC25B 20p13 Approved CDC25B cell division cycle 25 homolog B (S. pombe); Tyrosine protein phosphatase which functions as a dosage-dependent inducer of mitotic progression. Directly dephosphorylates CDC2 and stimulates its kinase activity. The three isoforms seem to have a different level of activity
8318 CDC45L 8318 HGNC:1739 Hs.474217 204126_s_at
CDC45 cell division cycle 45-like (S. cerevisiae) CDC45 cell division cycle 45-like (S. cerevisiae) ENSG00000093009 ENSP00000263201 hsa+8318 CDC45L CDC45L2 CDC45L 22q11.21 Approved CDC45L CDC45 cell division cycle 45-like (S. cerevisiae); Required for initiation of chromosomal DNA replication
990 CDC6 990 HGNC:1744 Hs.405958 203967_at
203968_s_at
cell division cycle 6 homolog (S. cerevisiae) Cell division cycle 6 homolog (S. cerevisiae) ENSG00000094804 ENSP00000209728 hsa+990 CDC6 CDC18L CDC6 17q21.3 Approved CDC6 cell division cycle 6 homolog (S. cerevisiae); Involved in the initiation of DNA replication. Also participates in checkpoint controls that ensure DNA replication is completed before mitosis is initiated
1017 CDK2 1017 HGNC:1771 Hs.19192 204252_at
211803_at
211804_s_at
cyclin-dependent kinase 2 Cyclin-dependent kinase 2 ENSG00000123374 ENSP00000266970 hsa+1017 CDK2 CDK2 12q13 Approved CDK2 cyclin-dependent kinase 2; Involved in the control of the cell cycle. Interacts with cyclins A, B1, B3, D, or E. Activity of CDK2 is maximal during S phase and G2
1019 CDK4 1019 HGNC:1773 Hs.95577 202246_s_at
cyclin-dependent kinase 4 Cyclin-dependent kinase 4 ENSG00000135446 ENSP00000257904 hsa+1019 CDK4 CDK4 12q13 Approved REACT_152 PSK-J3 CDK4 cyclin-dependent kinase 4; Probably involved in the control of the cell cycle
1022 CDK7 1022 HGNC:1778 Hs.184298 211297_s_at
cyclin-dependent kinase 7 Cyclin-dependent kinase 7 GO:0000718 ENSG00000134058 ENSP00000256443 hsa+1022 CDK7 CDK7 EXP 5q12.1 Approved CAK1, CDKN7, MO15, STK1 CDK7 cyclin-dependent kinase 7; Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are activated by the binding to a cyclin and mediate the progression through the cell cycle. Each different complex controls a specific transition between two subsequent phases in the cell cycle. CDK7 is the catalytic subunit of the CDK-activating kinase (CAK) complex, a serine-threonine kinase. CAK activates the cyclin-associated kinases CDC2/CDK1, CDK2, CDK4 and CDK6 by threonine phosphorylation. CAK complexed to the core-TFIIH basal transcription factor activates RNA polymerase II by serine phosphorylation of the repetitive [...]
1026 CDKN1A 1026 HGNC:1784 Hs.370771 1555186_at
202284_s_at
cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (p21, Cip1) Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (p21, Cip1) ENSG00000124762 ENSP00000244741 hsa+1026 CDKN1A CDKN1 CDKN1A 6p21.1 Approved P21, CIP1, WAF1, SDI1, CAP20, p21CIP1, p21Cip1/Waf1 CDKN1A cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (p21, Cip1); May be the important intermediate by which p53 mediates its role as an inhibitor of cellular proliferation in response to DNA damage. Binds to and inhibits cyclin-dependent kinase activity, preventing phosphorylation of critical cyclin-dependent kinase substrates and blocking cell cycle progression
1027 CDKN1B 1027 HGNC:1785 Hs.238990 209112_at
cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (p27, Kip1) Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (p27, Kip1) GO:0006917 ENSG00000111276 ENSP00000228872 hsa+1027 CDKN1B CDKN1B IDA 12p13.1-p12 Approved KIP1, P27KIP1 KIP1 cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (p27, Kip1); Important regulator of cell cycle progression. Involved in G1 arrest. Potent inhibitor of cyclin E- and cyclin A-CDK2 complexes. Positive regulator of cyclin D-dependent kinases such as CDK4. Regulated by phosphorylation and degradation events
81620 CDT1 81620 HGNC:24576 Hs.122908 209832_s_at
228868_x_at
chromatin licensing and DNA replication factor 1 Chromatin licensing and DNA replication factor 1 ENSG00000167513 ENSP00000301019 CDT1 CDT1 16q24.3 Approved DUP, RIS2 CDT1 chromatin licensing and DNA replication factor 1; Cooperates with CDC6 to promote the loading of the mini- chromosome maintenance complex onto chromatin to form the pre- replication complex necessary to initiate DNA replication. Binds DNA in a sequence-, strand-, and conformation-independent manner. Potential oncogene
1163 CKS1B 1163 HGNC:19083 Hs.374378 201897_s_at
CDC28 protein kinase regulatory subunit 1B CDC28 protein kinase regulatory subunit 1B ENSG00000173207 ENSP00000311083 CKS1B CKS1B 1q21.2 Approved ckshs1, CKS1 CKS1B CDC28 protein kinase regulatory subunit 1B
8454 CUL1 8454 HGNC:2551 Hs.146806 207614_s_at
238509_at
cullin 1 Cullin 1 ENSG00000055130 ENSP00000326804 hsa+8454 CUL1 CUL1 7q36.1 Approved CUL1 cullin 1; Core component of multiple cullin-RING-based SCF (SKP1- CUL1-F-box protein) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes, which mediate the ubiquitination of proteins involved in cell cycle progression, signal transduction and transcription. In the SCF complex, serves as a rigid scaffold that organizes the SKP1-F-box protein and RBX1 subunits. May contribute to catalysis through positioning of the substrate and the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme. The E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase activity of the complex is dependent on the neddylation of the cullin subunit and is inhibited by the associ [...]
1763 DNA2 1763 HGNC:2939 213647_at
DNA replication helicase 2 homolog (yeast) ENSG00000138346 ENSP00000382133 DNA2 DNA2L 10q21.3-q22.1 Approved KIAA0083 DNA replication helicase 2 homolog (yeast); May function in chromosomal DNA replication (By similarity)
2237 FEN1 2237 HGNC:3650 Hs.409065 204767_s_at
204768_s_at
flap structure-specific endonuclease 1 Flap structure-specific endonuclease 1 ENSG00000168496 ENSP00000305480 hsa+2237 FEN1 RAD2 FEN1 11q12 Approved FEN-1, MF1 RAD2 flap structure-specific endonuclease 1; Endonuclease that cleaves the 5'-overhanging flap structure that is generated by displacement synthesis when DNA polymerase encounters the 5'-end of a downstream Okazaki fragment. Also possesses 5' to 3' exonuclease activity on niked or gapped double-stranded DNA, and exhibits RNase H activity
51343 FZR1 51343 HGNC:24824 Hs.413133 209414_at
209415_at
209416_s_at
211865_s_at
fizzy/cell division cycle 20 related 1 (Drosophila) Fizzy/cell division cycle 20 related 1 (Drosophila) ENSG00000105325 ENSP00000378529 hsa+51343 FZR1 FZR1 19p13.3 Approved HCDH1, CDH1, HCDH, FZR, FZR2, KIAA1242, CDC20C FZR1 fizzy/cell division cycle 20 related 1 (Drosophila); Regulates ubiquitin ligase activity of the anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) and may confer substrate specificity upon the complex. The APC/C-Cdh1 dimeric complex is activated during anaphase and telophase and remains active in degrading substrates until onset of the next S phase
9837 GINS1 9837 HGNC:28980 206102_at
GINS complex subunit 1 (Psf1 homolog) ENSG00000101003 ENSP00000262460 GINS1 20p11.21 Approved KIAA0186, PSF1 GINS complex subunit 1 (Psf1 homolog); The GINS complex plays an essential role in the initiation of DNA replication, and progression of DNA replication forks. GINS complex seems to bind preferentially to single- stranded DNA. GINS1 is essential for function
51659 GINS2 51659 HGNC:24575 1557595_at
221521_s_at
243136_at
GINS complex subunit 2 (Psf2 homolog) ENSG00000131153 ENSP00000253462 GINS2 16q24.1 Approved PSF2, Pfs2 GINS complex subunit 2 (Psf2 homolog); The GINS complex plays an essential role in the initiation of DNA replication, and progression of DNA replication forks. GINS complex seems to bind preferentially to single- stranded DNA
84296 GINS4 84296 HGNC:28226 1554356_at
211767_at
235029_at
240778_at
GINS complex subunit 4 (Sld5 homolog) ENSG00000147536 ENSP00000276533 GINS4 8p11.21 Approved MGC14799, SLD5 GINS complex subunit 4 (Sld5 homolog); The GINS complex plays an essential role in the initiation of DNA replication, and progression of DNA replication forks. GINS4 is important for GINS complex assembly. GINS complex seems to bind preferentially to single-stranded DNA
3978 LIG1 3978 HGNC:6598 Hs.1770 202726_at
ligase I, DNA, ATP-dependent Ligase I, DNA, ATP-dependent GO:0006297 ENSG00000105486 ENSP00000263274 hsa+3978 LIG1 LIG1 EXP 19q13.2-q13.3 Approved ENSG00000105486 ligase I, DNA, ATP-dependent; DNA ligase that seals nicks in double-stranded DNA during DNA replication, DNA recombination and DNA repair
4149 MAX 4149 HGNC:6913 Hs.285354 208403_x_at
209331_s_at
209332_s_at
210734_x_at
214108_at
MYC associated factor X MYC associated factor X ENSG00000125952 ENSP00000351490 MAX MAX 14q23 Approved bHLHd4, bHLHd5, bHLHd6, bHLHd7, bHLHd8 MAX MYC associated factor X; Transcription regulator. Forms a sequence-specific DNA- binding protein complex with MYC or MAD which recognizes the core sequence 5'-CAC[GA]TG-3'. The MYC-MAX complex is a transcriptional activator, whereas the MAD-MAX complex is a repressor. May repress transcription via the recruitment of a chromatin remodeling complex containing H3-K9 histone methyltransferase activity
4171 MCM2 4171 HGNC:6944 Hs.477481 202107_s_at
minichromosome maintenance complex component 2 Minichromosome maintenance complex component 2 ENSG00000073111 ENSP00000265056 hsa+4171 MCM2 CCNL1, CDCL1 MCM2 3q21 Approved D3S3194, KIAA0030, BM28, cdc19 BM28 minichromosome maintenance complex component 2; Acts as a factor that allows the DNA to undergo a single round of replication per cell cycle. Required for the entry in S phase and for cell division
4172 MCM3 4172 HGNC:6945 Hs.179565 201555_at
minichromosome maintenance complex component 3 Minichromosome maintenance complex component 3 ENSG00000112118 ENSP00000229854 hsa+4172 MCM3 MCM3 6p12 Approved MCM3 minichromosome maintenance complex component 3; Acts as a factor that allows the DNA to undergo a single round of replication per cell cycle. Required for DNA replication and cell proliferation
4173 MCM4 4173 HGNC:6947 Hs.460184 212141_at
212142_at
222036_s_at
222037_at
minichromosome maintenance complex component 4 Minichromosome maintenance complex component 4 ENSG00000104738 ENSP00000262105 hsa+4173 MCM4 CDC21 MCM4 8q12-q13 Approved CDC54, hCdc21, P1-Cdc21, MGC33310 MCM4 minichromosome maintenance complex component 4; Involved in the control of DNA replication
4174 MCM5 4174 HGNC:6948 Hs.517582 201755_at
216237_s_at
minichromosome maintenance complex component 5 Minichromosome maintenance complex component 5 ENSG00000100297 ENSP00000216122 hsa+4174 MCM5 CDC46 MCM5 22q13.1-q13.2 Approved MCM5 minichromosome maintenance complex component 5
4175 MCM6 4175 HGNC:6949 Hs.444118 201930_at
238977_at
minichromosome maintenance complex component 6 Minichromosome maintenance complex component 6 ENSG00000076003 ENSP00000264156 hsa+4175 MCM6 MCM6 2q14-q21 Approved Mis5 MCM6 minichromosome maintenance complex component 6; May be involved in the control of a single round of DNA replication during S phase. Binds to chromatin during G1 and detach from it during S phase as if it licenses the chromatin to replicate
4176 MCM7 4176 HGNC:6950 Hs.438720 208795_s_at
210983_s_at
minichromosome maintenance complex component 7 Minichromosome maintenance complex component 7 ENSG00000166508 ENSP00000307288 hsa+4176 MCM7 MCM2 MCM7 7q21.3-q22.1 Approved CDC47 MCM7 minichromosome maintenance complex component 7; Acts as a factor that allows the DNA to undergo a single round of replication per cell cycle. Required for DNA replication and cell proliferation. Required for S-phase checkpoint activation upon UV-induced damage
84515 MCM8 84515 HGNC:16147 224320_s_at
233560_x_at
minichromosome maintenance complex component 8 ENSG00000125885 ENSP00000368174 MCM8 C20orf154 20p12.3 Approved MGC4816, MGC12866, MGC119522, MGC119523, dJ967N21.5, REC minichromosome maintenance complex component 8; May have a role in the control of cell proliferation. Appears to be involved in the activation of the prereplicative complex (pre-RC) during G(1) phase by recruiting CDC6 to the origin recognition complex (ORC). Binds chromatin throughout the cell cycle
4331 MNAT1 4331 HGNC:7181 Hs.509523 203565_s_at
menage a trois homolog 1, cyclin H assembly factor (Xenopus laevis) Menage a trois homolog 1, cyclin H assembly factor (Xenopus laevis) GO:0000718 ENSG00000020426 ENSP00000261245 hsa+4331 MNAT1 MNAT1 EXP 14q23 Approved MAT1, RNF66 MNAT1 menage a trois homolog 1, cyclin H assembly factor (Xenopus laevis); Stabilizes the cyclin H-CDK7 complex to form a functional CDK-activating kinase (CAK) enzymatic complex. CAK activates the cyclin-associated kinases CDC2/CDK1, CDK2, CDK4 and CDK6 by threonine phosphorylation. CAK complexed to the core-TFIIH basal transcription factor activates RNA polymerase II by serine phosphorylation of the repetitive C-terminus domain (CTD) of its large subunit (POLR2A), allowing its escape from the promoter and elongation of the transcripts. Involved in cell cycle control and in RNA transcriptio [...]
4609 MYC 4609 HGNC:7553 Hs.202453 202431_s_at
244089_at
v-myc myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog (avian) Similar to ORF 114 ENSG00000136997 ENSP00000367207 MYC MYC 8q24 Approved c-Myc, bHLHe39 MYC v-myc myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog (avian); Participates in the regulation of gene transcription. Binds DNA in a non-specific manner, yet also specifically recognizes the core sequence 5'-CAC[GA]TG-3'. Seems to activate the transcription of growth-related genes
4998 ORC1L 4998 HGNC:8487 Hs.17908 205085_at
origin recognition complex, subunit 1-like (yeast) Origin recognition complex, subunit 1-like (yeast) ENSG00000085840 ENSP00000360621 hsa+4998 ORC1L ORC1L 1p32 Approved HSORC1, ORC1, PARC1 ORC1L origin recognition complex, subunit 1-like (yeast); Component of the origin recognition complex (ORC) that binds origins of replication. Binds to the ARS consensus sequence (ACS) of origins of replication in an ATP-dependent manner
4999 ORC2L 4999 HGNC:8488 Hs.444870 204853_at
235423_at
origin recognition complex, subunit 2-like (yeast) Origin recognition complex, subunit 2-like (yeast) ENSG00000115942 ENSP00000234296 hsa+4999 ORC2L ORC2L 2q33 Approved ORC2L origin recognition complex, subunit 2-like (yeast); Component of the origin recognition complex (ORC) that binds origins of replication. Binds to the ARS consensus sequence (ACS) of origins of replication in an ATP-dependent manner
23595 ORC3L 23595 HGNC:8489 Hs.410228 210028_s_at
origin recognition complex, subunit 3-like (yeast) Origin recognition complex, subunit 3-like (yeast) ENSG00000135336 ENSP00000257789 hsa+23595 ORC3L ORC3L 6q Approved IMAGE50150, LATHEO ORC3L origin recognition complex, subunit 3-like (yeast); Component of the origin recognition complex (ORC) that binds origins of replication. Binds to the ARS consensus sequence (ACS) of origins of replication in an ATP-dependent manner
5000 ORC4L 5000 HGNC:8490 Hs.558364 203351_s_at
203352_at
origin recognition complex, subunit 4-like (yeast) Origin recognition complex, subunit 4-like (yeast) ENSG00000115947 ENSP00000264169 hsa+5000 ORC4L ORC4L 2q22-q23 Approved HsORC4, ORC4, Orc4p Orc4p origin recognition complex, subunit 4-like (yeast); Component of the origin recognition complex (ORC) that binds origins of replication. Binds to the ARS consensus sequence (ACS) of origins of replication in an ATP-dependent manner
5001 ORC5L 5001 HGNC:8491 Hs.432948 204957_at
211212_s_at
211213_at
origin recognition complex, subunit 5-like (yeast) Origin recognition complex, subunit 5-like (yeast) ENSG00000164815 ENSP00000297431 hsa+5001 ORC5L ORC5L 7q22.1 Approved Orc5p, ORC5, ORC5T Orc5p origin recognition complex, subunit 5-like (yeast); Component of the origin recognition complex (ORC) that binds origins of replication. Binds to the ARS consensus sequence (ACS) of origins of replication in an ATP-dependent manner
23594 ORC6L 23594 HGNC:17151 Hs.49760 219105_x_at
origin recognition complex, subunit 6 like (yeast) Origin recognition complex, subunit 6 like (yeast) ENSG00000091651 ENSP00000219097 hsa+23594 ORC6L ORC6L 16q12 Approved ORC6 ORC6 origin recognition complex, subunit 6 like (yeast); Component of the origin recognition complex (ORC) that binds origins of replication. Binds to the ARS consensus sequence (ACS) of origins of replication in an ATP-dependent manner
5111 PCNA 5111 HGNC:8729 Hs.147433 201202_at
proliferating cell nuclear antigen Proliferating cell nuclear antigen GO:0006297 ENSG00000132646 ENSP00000368438 hsa+5111 PCNA PCNA EXP 20pter-p12 Approved PCNA proliferating cell nuclear antigen; This protein is an auxiliary protein of DNA polymerase delta and is involved in the control of eukaryotic DNA replication by increasing the polymerase's processibility during elongation of the leading strand (By similarity)
5422 POLA1 5422 HGNC:9173 Hs.567319 204835_at
polymerase (DNA directed), alpha 1, catalytic subunit Polymerase (DNA directed), alpha 1, catalytic subunit GO:0006303 ENSG00000101868 ENSP00000368349 POLA1 POLA POLA1 IMP Xp22.1-p21.3 Approved p180 POLA1 polymerase (DNA directed), alpha 1, catalytic subunit; Plays an essential role in the initiation of DNA replication. During the S phase of the cell cycle, the DNA polymerase alpha complex (composed of a catalytic subunit POLA1/p180, a regulatory subunit POLA2/p70 and two primase subunits PRIM1/p49 and PRIM2/p58) is recruited to DNA at the replicative forks via direct interactions with MCM10 and WDHD1. The primase subunit of the polymerase alpha complex initiates DNA synthesis by oligomerising short RNA primers on both leading and lagging strands. These primers are initially extended by [...]
23649 POLA2 23649 HGNC:30073 204441_s_at
244575_at
polymerase (DNA directed), alpha 2 (70kD subunit) ENSG00000014138 ENSP00000265465 POLA2 11q13 Approved FLJ21662 polymerase (DNA directed), alpha 2 (70kD subunit); May play an essential role at the early stage of chromosomal DNA replication by coupling the polymerase alpha/primase complex to the cellular replication machinery (By similarity)
5424 POLD1 5424 HGNC:9175 Hs.279413 203422_at
polymerase (DNA directed), delta 1, catalytic subunit 125kDa Polymerase (DNA directed), delta 1, catalytic subunit 125kDa GO:0006297 ENSG00000062822 ENSP00000262266 hsa+5424 POLD1 POLD POLD1 EXP 19q13.3 Approved CDC2 POLD polymerase (DNA directed), delta 1, catalytic subunit 125kDa; Possesses two enzymatic activities: DNA synthesis (polymerase) and an exonucleolytic activity that degrades single stranded DNA in the 3'- to 5'-direction. Required with its accessory proteins (proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and replication factor C (RFC) or activator 1) for leading strand synthesis. Also involved in completing Okazaki fragments initiated by the DNA polymerase alpha/primase complex
5425 POLD2 5425 HGNC:9176 Hs.306791 201115_at
polymerase (DNA directed), delta 2, regulatory subunit 50kDa Polymerase (DNA directed), delta 2, regulatory subunit 50kDa GO:0006297 ENSG00000106628 ENSP00000379148 hsa+5425 POLD2 POLD2 EXP 7 Approved POLD2 polymerase (DNA directed), delta 2, regulatory subunit 50kDa; The function of the small subunit is not yet clear
10714 POLD3 10714 HGNC:20932 Hs.82502 212836_at
239816_at
polymerase (DNA-directed), delta 3, accessory subunit Polymerase (DNA-directed), delta 3, accessory subunit GO:0006297 ENSG00000077514 ENSP00000263681 hsa+10714 POLD3 POLD3 EXP 11q14 Approved P66, KIAA0039, P68 POLD3 polymerase (DNA-directed), delta 3, accessory subunit; Required for optimal DNA polymerase delta activity
57804 POLD4 57804 HGNC:14106 Hs.523829 202996_at
polymerase (DNA-directed), delta 4 Polymerase (DNA-directed), delta 4 GO:0006297 ENSG00000175482 ENSP00000311368 hsa+57804 POLD4 POLD4 EXP 11q13 Approved p12, POLDS POLD4 polymerase (DNA-directed), delta 4; Required for optimal DNA polymerase delta activity. May contribute to PCNA-dependent activity of DNA polymerase delta
5426 POLE 5426 HGNC:9177 Hs.524871 Hs.657680 216026_s_at
polymerase (DNA directed), epsilon Polymerase (DNA directed), epsilon GO:0006297 ENSG00000177084 ENSP00000322570 hsa+5426 POLE POLE EXP 12q24.3 Approved POLE1 POLE polymerase (DNA directed), epsilon; Participates in DNA repair and in chromosomal DNA replication
5427 POLE2 5427 HGNC:9178 Hs.162777 205909_at
polymerase (DNA directed), epsilon 2 (p59 subunit) Polymerase (DNA directed), epsilon 2 (p59 subunit) GO:0006297 ENSG00000100479 ENSP00000216367 hsa+5427 POLE2 POLE2 EXP 14q21-q22 Approved DPE2 DPE2 polymerase (DNA directed), epsilon 2 (p59 subunit); Participates in DNA repair and in chromosomal DNA replication
5557 PRIM1 5557 HGNC:9369 205053_at
primase, DNA, polypeptide 1 (49kDa) ENSP00000350491 PRIM1 12q13.3 Approved primase, DNA, polypeptide 1 (49kDa); DNA primase is the polymerase that synthesizes small RNA primers for the Okazaki fragments made during discontinuous DNA replication
5558 PRIM2 5558 HGNC:9370 1554884_at
1554885_a_at
205628_at
215708_s_at
215709_at
primase, DNA, polypeptide 2 (58kDa) ENSG00000146143 ENSP00000402620 PRIM2 PRIM2A 6p12-p11.1 Approved primase, DNA, polypeptide 2 (58kDa); DNA primase is the polymerase that synthesizes small RNA primers for the Okazaki fragments made during discontinuous DNA replication
5682 PSMA1 5682 HGNC:9530 Hs.102798 201676_x_at
210759_s_at
211746_x_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 1 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 1 ENSG00000129084 ENSP00000315309 PSMA1 PSMA1 11p15.1 Approved HC2, NU, PROS30, MGC14542, MGC14575, MGC14751, MGC1667, MGC21459, MGC22853, MGC23915 PSMA1 proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 1; The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity (By similarity)
5683 PSMA2 5683 HGNC:9531 Hs.333786 201316_at
201317_s_at
53202_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 2 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 2 ENSG00000106588 ENSP00000223321 PSMA2 PSMA2 7p13 Approved MU, HC3, PMSA2 PSMA2 proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 2; The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity. PSMA2 may have a potential regulatory effect on another component(s) of the proteasome complex through tyrosine phosphorylation
5684 PSMA3 5684 HGNC:9532 Hs.558799 201532_at
232648_at
237300_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 3 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 3 ENSG00000100567 ENSP00000216455 PSMA3 PSMA3 14q23 Approved HC8 HC8 proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 3; The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity (By similarity)
5685 PSMA4 5685 HGNC:9533 Hs.251531 203396_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 4 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 4 ENSG00000041357 ENSP00000044462 PSMA4 PSMA4 15q24.1 Approved HC9, HsT17706 PSMA4 proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 4; The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity (By similarity)
5686 PSMA5 5686 HGNC:9534 Hs.712557 201274_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 5 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 5 ENSG00000143106 ENSP00000271308 PSMA5 PSMA5 1p13 Approved ZETA PSMA5 proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 5; The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity (By similarity)
5687 PSMA6 5687 HGNC:9535 Hs.446260 208805_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 6 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 6 ENSG00000100902 ENSP00000261479 PSMA6 PSMA6 14q13 Approved IOTA, PROS27, p27K, MGC22756, MGC2333, MGC23846 IOTA proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 6; The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity
5688 PSMA7 5688 HGNC:9536 Hs.233952 201114_x_at
216088_s_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 7 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 7 ENSG00000101182 ENSP00000359910 PSMA7 PSMA7 20q13.33 Approved XAPC7, C6, HSPC, RC6-1 PSMA7 proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 7; The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity (By similarity)
143471 PSMA8 143471 HGNC:22985 240091_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 8 ENSP00000311121 PSMA8 18q11.2 Approved MGC26605, PSMA7L proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 8; The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity (By similarity). This may be a testis-specific subunit
5689 PSMB1 5689 HGNC:9537 Hs.352768 200876_s_at
214288_s_at
214289_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 1 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 1 ENSG00000008018 ENSP00000262193 PSMB1 PSMB1 6q27 Approved PMSB1, HC5 PSMB1 proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 1; The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity (By similarity)
5699 PSMB10 5699 HGNC:9538 Hs.9661 202659_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 10 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 10 ENSG00000205220 ENSP00000351314 PSMB10 MECL1 PSMB10 16q22.1 Approved LMP10, MGC1665, beta2i PSMB10 proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 10; The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity. This subunit is involved in antigen processing to generate class I binding peptides
122706 PSMB11 122706 HGNC:31963 proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 11 ENSP00000386212 PSMB11 14q11.2 Approved beta5t proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 11; The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity. PSMB11 plays a pivotal role in development of CD8- positive T cells (By similarity)
5690 PSMB2 5690 HGNC:9539 Hs.471441 200039_s_at
201404_x_at
231323_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 2 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 2 ENSG00000126067 ENSP00000362334 PSMB2 PSMB2 1p34.2 Approved HC7-I PSMB2 proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 2; The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity. This subunit has a chymotrypsin-like activity
5691 PSMB3 5691 HGNC:9540 Hs.82793 201400_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 3 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 3 ENSG00000108294 ENSP00000225426 PSMB3 PSMB3 17q12 Approved HC10-II, MGC4147 PSMB3 proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 3; The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity
5692 PSMB4 5692 HGNC:9541 Hs.89545 202243_s_at
202244_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 4 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 4 ENSG00000159377 ENSP00000290541 PSMB4 PSMB4 1q21 Approved HN3, PROS26 PSMB4 proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 4; The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity
5693 PSMB5 5693 HGNC:9542 Hs.422990 208799_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 5 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 5 ENSG00000100804 ENSP00000355325 PSMB5 PSMB5 14q11.2 Approved X, MB1 X proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 5; The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity. May catalyze basal processing of intracellular antigens
5694 PSMB6 5694 HGNC:9543 Hs.77060 208827_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 6 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 6 ENSG00000142507 ENSP00000270586 PSMB6 PSMB6 17p13 Approved Y, DELTA PSMB6 proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 6; The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity. May catalyze basal processing of intracellular antigens
5695 PSMB7 5695 HGNC:9544 Hs.213470 200786_at
244801_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 7 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 7 ENSG00000136930 ENSP00000259457 PSMB7 PSMB7 9q34.11-q34.12 Approved Z PSMB7 proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 7; The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity (By similarity)
5696 PSMB8 5696 HGNC:9545 Hs.180062 209040_s_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 8 (large multifunctional peptidase 7) Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 8 (large multifunctional peptidase 7) ENSG00000206234 ENSP00000406797 PSMB8 LMP7 PSMB8 6p21.3 Approved RING10, D6S216E, PSMB5i, beta5i ENSG00000206234 proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 8 (large multifunctional peptidase 7)
5698 PSMB9 5698 HGNC:9546 Hs.654585 204279_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 9 (large multifunctional peptidase 2) Proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 9 (large multifunctional peptidase 2) ENSG00000206296 ENSP00000396813 PSMB9 LMP2 PSMB9 6p21.3 Approved RING12, beta1i, PSMB6i ENSG00000206296 proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 9 (large multifunctional peptidase 2); The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex which is characterized by its ability to cleave peptides with Arg, Phe, Tyr, Leu, and Glu adjacent to the leaving group at neutral or slightly basic pH. The proteasome has an ATP-dependent proteolytic activity. This subunit is involved in antigen processing to generate class I binding peptides
5700 PSMC1 5700 HGNC:9547 Hs.356654 204219_s_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, ATPase, 1 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, ATPase, 1 ENSG00000100764 ENSP00000261303 PSMC1 PSMC1 14q32.11 Approved S4, p56 S4 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, ATPase, 1; The 26S protease is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins. The regulatory (or ATPase) complex confers ATP dependency and substrate specificity to the 26S complex
5701 PSMC2 5701 HGNC:9548 Hs.437366 201067_at
201068_s_at
238020_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, ATPase, 2 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, ATPase, 2 ENSG00000161057 ENSP00000292644 PSMC2 PSMC2 7q22.1-q22.3 Approved MSS1, S7, Nbla10058 S7 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, ATPase, 2; The 26S protease is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins. The regulatory (or ATPase) complex confers ATP dependency and substrate specificity to the 26S complex. In case of HIV-1 infection, positive modulator of Tat-mediated transactivation
5702 PSMC3 5702 HGNC:9549 Hs.250758 201267_s_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, ATPase, 3 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, ATPase, 3 ENSG00000165916 ENSP00000298852 PSMC3 PSMC3 11p11.2 Approved TBP1 PSMC3 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, ATPase, 3; The 26S protease is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins. The regulatory (or ATPase) complex confers ATP dependency and substrate specificity to the 26S complex (By similarity). In case of HIV-1 infection, suppresses Tat-mediated transactivation
5704 PSMC4 5704 HGNC:9551 Hs.211594 201252_at
Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, ATPase, 4 ENSG00000013275 ENSP00000157812 PSMC4 MIP224 PSMC4 19q13.11-q13.13 Approved TBP7, S6, MGC8570, MGC13687, MGC23214 S6 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, ATPase, 4; The 26S protease is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins. The regulatory (or ATPase) complex confers ATP dependency and substrate specificity to the 26S complex
5705 PSMC5 5705 HGNC:9552 Hs.79387 209503_s_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, ATPase, 5 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, ATPase, 5 ENSG00000087191 ENSP00000310572 PSMC5 PSMC5 17q23.3 Approved SUG1, p45/SUG, TBP10, p45, S8, TRIP1 PSMC5 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, ATPase, 5; The 26S protease is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins. The regulatory (or ATPase) complex confers ATP dependency and substrate specificity to the 26S complex
5706 PSMC6 5706 HGNC:9553 Hs.156171 201699_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, ATPase, 6 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, ATPase, 6 ENSG00000100519 ENSP00000401802 PSMC6 PSMC6 14q22.1 Approved p42 p42 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, ATPase, 6; The 26S protease is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins. The regulatory (or ATPase) complex confers ATP dependency and substrate specificity to the 26S complex
5707 PSMD1 5707 HGNC:9554 Hs.3887 201198_s_at
201199_s_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 1 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 1 ENSG00000173692 ENSP00000309474 PSMD1 PSMD1 2q37.1 Approved S1, P112, Rpn2 S1 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 1; Acts as a regulatory subunit of the 26 proteasome which is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins
5716 PSMD10 5716 HGNC:9555 Hs.522752 1554577_a_at
219485_s_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 10 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 10 ENSG00000101843 ENSP00000217958 PSMD10 PSMD10 Xq22.3 Approved p28 PSMD10 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 10; Acts as a regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome which is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins
5717 PSMD11 5717 HGNC:9556 Hs.655396 208776_at
208777_s_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 11 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 11 ENSG00000108671 ENSP00000261712 PSMD11 PSMD11 17q12 Approved S9, p44.5, MGC3844, Rpn6 PSMD11 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 11; Acts as a regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome which is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins
5718 PSMD12 5718 HGNC:9557 Hs.646575 202352_s_at
202353_s_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 12 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 12 ENSG00000197170 ENSP00000348442 PSMD12 PSMD12 17q24.3 Approved p55, Rpn5 PSMD12 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 12; Acts as a regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome which is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins
5719 PSMD13 5719 HGNC:9558 Hs.134688 201232_s_at
201233_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 13 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 13 ENSG00000185627 ENSP00000396937 PSMD13 PSMD13 11p15.5 Approved p40.5, Rpn9 PSMD13 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 13; Acts as a regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome which is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins
10213 PSMD14 10213 HGNC:16889 Hs.567410 212296_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 14 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 14 ENSG00000115233 ENSP00000386541 PSMD14 PSMD14 2q14.3 Approved POH1, pad1, Rpn11 POH1 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 14; Metalloprotease component of the 26S proteasome that specifically cleaves 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitin chains. The 26S proteasome is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins. The function of the 'Lys-63'-specific deubiquitination of the proteasome is unclear
5708 PSMD2 5708 HGNC:9559 Hs.518464 200830_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 2 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 2 ENSG00000175166 ENSP00000310129 PSMD2 PSMD2 3q27.3 Approved S2, P97, TRAP2, MGC14274, Rpn1 PSMD2 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 2; Acts as a regulatory subunit of the 26 proteasome which is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins
5709 PSMD3 5709 HGNC:9560 Hs.12970 201388_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 3 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 3 ENSG00000108344 ENSP00000264639 PSMD3 PSMD3 17q21.2 Approved S3, P58, Rpn3 PSMD3 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 3; Acts as a regulatory subunit of the 26 proteasome which is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins
5710 PSMD4 5710 HGNC:9561 Hs.505059 200882_s_at
210459_at
210460_s_at
211609_x_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 4 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 4 ENSG00000159352 ENSP00000357879 PSMD4 PSMD4 1q21.2 Approved S5A, AF-1, AF, Rpn10 PSMD4 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 4; Binds and presumably selects ubiquitin-conjugates for destruction. Displays selectivity for longer polyubiquitin chains. Modulates intestinal fluid secretion
5711 PSMD5 5711 HGNC:9563 Hs.193725 203447_at
215546_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 5 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 5 ENSG00000095261 ENSP00000210313 PSMD5 PSMD5 9q34.11 Approved S5B, KIAA0072 PSMD5 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 5; Belongs to the 26S multisubunit protease, which is required for ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis. Does not bind ubiquitin polymers
9861 PSMD6 9861 HGNC:9564 Hs.152536 1555884_at
202753_at
232284_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 6 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 6 ENSG00000163636 ENSP00000295901 PSMD6 PSMD6 3p14.1 Approved S10, p44S10, KIAA0107, Rpn7 PSMD6 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 6; Acts as a regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome which is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins
5713 PSMD7 5713 HGNC:9565 Hs.440604 201705_at
238738_at
244515_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 7 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 7 ENSG00000103035 ENSP00000219313 PSMD7 PSMD7 16q22.3 Approved S12, P40, MOV34, Rpn8 PSMD7 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 7; Acts as a regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome which is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins
5714 PSMD8 5714 HGNC:9566 Hs.78466 200820_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 8 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 8 ENSG00000099341 ENSP00000215071 PSMD8 PSMD8 19q13.2 Approved S14, Nin1p, p31, HIP6, HYPF, Rpn12 PSMD8 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 8; Acts as a regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome which is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins. Necessary for activation of the CDC28 kinase
5715 PSMD9 5715 HGNC:9567 Hs.131151 207805_s_at
209334_s_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 9 Proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 9 ENSG00000110801 ENSP00000261817 PSMD9 PSMD9 12q24.31-q24.32 Approved p27, Rpn4 PSMD9 proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 9; Acts as a regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome which is involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins
5720 PSME1 5720 HGNC:9568 Hs.75348 200814_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) activator subunit 1 (PA28 alpha) Proteasome (prosome, macropain) activator subunit 1 (PA28 alpha) ENSG00000092010 ENSP00000372155 PSME1 PSME1 14q11.2 Approved IFI5111, PA28alpha PSME1 proteasome (prosome, macropain) activator subunit 1 (PA28 alpha); Implicated in immunoproteasome assembly and required for efficient antigen processing. The PA28 activator complex enhances the generation of class I binding peptides by altering the cleavage pattern of the proteasome
5721 PSME2 5721 HGNC:9569 Hs.434081 Hs.512410 201762_s_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) activator subunit 2 (PA28 beta) Proteasome (prosome, macropain) activator subunit 2 (PA28 beta) ENSG00000100911 ENSP00000216802 PSME2 PSME2 14q11.2 Approved PA28beta PSME2 proteasome (prosome, macropain) activator subunit 2 (PA28 beta); Implicated in immunoproteasome assembly and required for efficient antigen processing. The PA28 activator complex enhances the generation of class I binding peptides by altering the cleavage pattern of the proteasome
10197 PSME3 10197 HGNC:9570 Hs.152978 200987_x_at
200988_s_at
209852_x_at
209853_s_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) activator subunit 3 (PA28 gamma; Ki) Proteasome (prosome, macropain) activator subunit 3 (PA28 gamma; Ki) ENSG00000131467 ENSP00000293362 PSME3 PSME3 17q12-q21 Approved Ki, PA28-gamma, REG-GAMMA, PA28G PSME3 proteasome (prosome, macropain) activator subunit 3 (PA28 gamma; Ki); Subunit of the 11S REG-gamma (also called PA28-gamma) proteasome regulator, a donut-shaped homoheptamer which associates with the proteasome. 11S REG-gamma activates the trypsin-like catalytic subunit of the proteasome but inhibits the chymotrypsin- like and postglutamyl-preferring (PGPH) subunits. Facilitates the MDM2-TP53/p53 interaction which promotes ubiquitination- and MDM2- dependent proteasomal degradation of TP53/p53, limiting its accumulation and resulting in inhibited apoptosis after DNA damage. May also be [...]
23198 PSME4 23198 HGNC:20635 212219_at
212220_at
212222_at
237180_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) activator subunit 4 ENSG00000068878 ENSP00000384211 PSME4 2p16.1 Approved PA200, KIAA0077 proteasome (prosome, macropain) activator subunit 4; Activates proteasomal cleavage of peptides in an energy- independent manner. May be involved in spermatogenesis. May be involved in DNA repair
9491 PSMF1 9491 HGNC:9571 Hs.471917 201052_s_at
201053_s_at
235993_at
236012_at
proteasome (prosome, macropain) inhibitor subunit 1 (PI31) Proteasome (prosome, macropain) inhibitor subunit 1 (PI31) ENSG00000125818 ENSP00000327704 PSMF1 PSMF1 20p13 Approved PI31 PSMF1 proteasome (prosome, macropain) inhibitor subunit 1 (PI31); Plays an important role in control of proteasome function. Inhibits the hydrolysis of protein and peptide substrates by the 20S proteasome. Also inhibits the activation of the proteasome by the proteasome regulatory proteins PA700 and PA28
5925 RB1 5925 HGNC:9884 Hs.408528 203132_at
211540_s_at
retinoblastoma 1 Retinoblastoma 1 ENSG00000139687 ENSP00000267163 hsa+5925 RB1 OSRC RB1 13q14.2 Approved REACT_152 REACT_383 RB1 retinoblastoma 1; Key regulator of entry into cell division that acts as a tumor suppressor. Acts as a transcription repressor of E2F1 target genes. The underphosphorylated, active form of RB1 interacts with E2F1 and represses its transcription activity, leading to cell cycle arrest. Directly involved in heterochromatin formation by maintaining overall chromatin structure and, in particular, that of constitutive heterochromatin by stabilizing histone methylation. Recruits and targets histone methyltransferases SUV39H1, SUV420H1 and SUV420H2, leading to epigenetic transcriptional repres [...]
5981 RFC1 5981 HGNC:9969 Hs.507475 208021_s_at
208133_at
209085_x_at
replication factor C (activator 1) 1, 145kDa Replication factor C (activator 1) 1, 145kDa GO:0006297 ENSG00000035928 ENSP00000261424 hsa+5981 RFC1 RFC1 EXP 4p14-p13 Approved REACT_152 REACT_216 REACT_383 REACT_7970 A1, PO-GA, RFC140, MHCBFB RFC1 replication factor C (activator 1) 1, 145kDa; The elongation of primed DNA templates by DNA polymerase delta and epsilon requires the action of the accessory proteins PCNA and activator 1. This subunit binds to the primer-template junction. Binds the PO-B transcription element as well as other GA rich DNA sequences. Could play a role in DNA transcription regulation as well as DNA replication and/or repair. Can bind single- or double-stranded DNA
5982 RFC2 5982 HGNC:9970 Hs.647062 1053_at
203696_s_at
replication factor C (activator 1) 2, 40kDa Replication factor C (activator 1) 2, 40kDa GO:0006297 ENSG00000049541 ENSP00000055077 hsa+5982 RFC2 RFC2 EXP 7q11.23 Approved A1, RFC40 RFC2 replication factor C (activator 1) 2, 40kDa; The elongation of primed DNA templates by DNA polymerase delta and epsilon requires the action of the accessory proteins proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and activator 1. This subunit binds ATP (By similarity)
5983 RFC3 5983 HGNC:9971 Hs.115474 204127_at
204128_s_at
231119_at
replication factor C (activator 1) 3, 38kDa Replication factor C (activator 1) 3, 38kDa GO:0006297 ENSG00000133119 ENSP00000369411 hsa+5983 RFC3 RFC3 EXP 13q13.2 Approved RFC38, MGC5276 RFC3 replication factor C (activator 1) 3, 38kDa; The elongation of primed DNA templates by DNA polymerase delta and epsilon requires the action of the accessory proteins proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and activator 1
5984 RFC4 5984 HGNC:9972 Hs.714318 204023_at
replication factor C (activator 1) 4, 37kDa Replication factor C (activator 1) 4, 37kDa GO:0006297 ENSG00000163918 ENSP00000296273 hsa+5984 RFC4 RFC4 EXP 3q27 Approved A1, RFC37 RFC4 replication factor C (activator 1) 4, 37kDa; The elongation of primed DNA templates by DNA polymerase delta and epsilon requires the action of the accessory proteins proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and activator 1. This subunit may be involved in the elongation of the multiprimed DNA template
5985 RFC5 5985 HGNC:9973 Hs.506989 203209_at
203210_s_at
replication factor C (activator 1) 5, 36.5kDa Replication factor C (activator 1) 5, 36.5kDa GO:0006297 ENSG00000111445 ENSP00000408295 hsa+5985 RFC5 RFC5 EXP 12q24.3 Approved RFC36 RFC5 replication factor C (activator 1) 5, 36.5kDa; The elongation of primed DNA templates by DNA polymerase delta and epsilon requires the action of the accessory proteins proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and activator 1
6117 RPA1 6117 HGNC:10289 Hs.461925 201528_at
201529_s_at
236675_at
replication protein A1, 70kDa Replication protein A1, 70kDa GO:0000718 GO:0006297 ENSG00000132383 ENSP00000254719 hsa+6117 RPA1 RPA1 EXP 17p13.3 Approved REPA1, RPA70, HSSB, RF-A, RP-A MST075 replication protein A1, 70kDa; Plays an essential role in several cellular processes in DNA metabolism including replication, recombination and DNA repair. Binds and subsequently stabilizes single-stranded DNA intermediates and thus prevents complementary DNA from reannealing
6118 RPA2 6118 HGNC:10290 Hs.79411 201756_at
replication protein A2, 32kDa Replication protein A2, 32kDa GO:0000718 GO:0006297 ENSG00000117748 ENSP00000363021 hsa+6118 RPA2 RPA2 EXP 1p35 Approved RPA2 replication protein A2, 32kDa; Required for DNA recombination, repair and replication. The activity of RP-A is mediated by single-stranded DNA binding and protein interactions
6119 RPA3 6119 HGNC:10291 Hs.487540 209507_at
replication protein A3, 14kDa Replication protein A3, 14kDa GO:0000718 GO:0006297 ENSG00000106399 ENSP00000223129 hsa+6119 RPA3 RPA3 EXP 7 Approved REPA3 RPA3 replication protein A3, 14kDa; Required for DNA recombination, repair and replication. The activity of RP-A is mediated by single-stranded DNA binding and protein interactions
6233 RPS27A 6233 HGNC:10417 Hs.311640 Hs.546292 200017_at
242214_at
244624_at
ribosomal protein S27a Ribosomal protein S27a ENSG00000143947 ENSP00000272317 RPS27A RPS27A 2p16 Approved UBCEP80, Uba80 UBB ribosomal protein S27a
6500 SKP1 6500 HGNC:10899 Hs.171626 200711_s_at
200718_s_at
200719_at
207974_s_at
S-phase kinase-associated protein 1 S-phase kinase-associated protein 1 ENSG00000113558 ENSP00000231487 hsa+6500 SKP1 SKP1A SKP1 5q31 Approved EMC19, OCP2, TCEB1L, MGC34403, OCP-II, p19A SKP1 S-phase kinase-associated protein 1; Essential component of the SCF (SKP1-CUL1-F-box protein) ubiquitin ligase complex, which mediates the ubiquitination of proteins involved in cell cycle progression, signal transduction and transcription. In the SCF complex, serves as an adapter that links the F-box protein to CUL1
6502 SKP2 6502 HGNC:10901 Hs.23348 203625_x_at
203626_s_at
210567_s_at
S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (p45) S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (p45) ENSG00000145604 ENSP00000274255 hsa+6502 SKP2 SKP2 5p13 Approved FBXL1, FBL1 SKP2 S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (p45); Substrate recognition component of a SCF (SKP1-CUL1-F- box protein) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex which mediates the ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of target proteins involved in cell cycle progression, signal transduction and transcription. Specifically recognizes phosphorylated CDKN1B/p27kip and is involved in regulation of G1/S transition. Degradation of CDKN1B/p27kip also requires CKS1. Recognizes target proteins ORC1L, CDT1, RBL2, MLL, CDK9, RAG2, FOXO1A, UBP43, and probably MYC, TOB1 and TAL1. Degradation of [...]
7311 UBA52 7311 HGNC:12458 221700_s_at
ubiquitin A-52 residue ribosomal protein fusion product 1 ENSG00000221983 ENSP00000388107 UBA52 19p13.1-p12 Approved RPL40, CEP52, HUBCEP52, MGC57125, MGC126879, MGC126881, L40 ubiquitin A-52 residue ribosomal protein fusion product 1; Protein modifier which can be covalently attached to target lysines either as a monomer or as a lysine-linked polymer. Attachment to proteins as a Lys-48-linked polymer usually leads to their degradation by proteasome. Attachment to proteins as a monomer or as an alternatively linked polymer does not lead to proteasomal degradation and may be required for numerous functions, including maintenance of chromatin structure, regulation of gene expression, stress response, ribosome biogenesis and DNA repair
7314 UBB 7314 HGNC:12463 Hs.356190 Hs.714712 200633_at
217144_at
ubiquitin B Similar to Os05g0242100 ENSG00000170315 ENSP00000304697 UBB UBB 17p12-p11.2 Approved MGC8385, FLJ25987 ENSG00000170315 ubiquitin B
7316 UBC 7316 HGNC:12468 Hs.520348 208980_s_at
211296_x_at
ubiquitin C Ubiquitin C ENSG00000150991 ENSP00000344818 UBC UBC 12q24.3 Approved UBC ubiquitin C
7465 WEE1 7465 HGNC:12761 Hs.249441 212533_at
215711_s_at
WEE1 homolog (S. pombe) WEE1 homolog (S. pombe) ENSG00000166483 ENSP00000402084 hsa+7465 WEE1 WEE1 11p15.3-p15.1 Approved WEE1 WEE1 homolog (S. pombe); May act as a negative regulator of entry into mitosis (G2 to M transition) by protecting the nucleus from cytoplasmically activated cyclin B1-complexed CDC2 before the onset of mitosis. Its activity increases during S and G2 phases and decreases at M phase when it is hyperphosphorylated. A correlated decrease in protein level occurs at M/G1 phase, probably due to its degradation. Specifically phosphorylates and inactivates cyclin B1-complexed CDC2 reaching a maximum during G2 phase and a minimum as cells enter M phase. Phosphorylation of cyclin B1-CDC2 occurs e [...]
112 genes found.

Pathway Download Options. Check boxes below or ALL

ID ApprovedSymbol EntrezGene HGNC
UniGeneID HugoName UniGeneName GeneOntologyID
ENSG ENSP KEGGID ApprovedSymbol2
PreviousSymbols NCIName Evidence Chromosome
Status Reactome_ID Aliases StringSymbol
StringName Affymetrics


OR


Choose Platform:

GPL 571
GPL 8300
GPL 96
GPL 570

Quick Links